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Jammu & Kashmir

The Core of Kashmir Problem and its Analysis

The famous quote by Mughal Emperor Jahangir, on his first witnessing the beauty and serenity of Kashmir – when translated to English means “If there’s Heaven on Earth, It is here, it is here, it is here”. The land of sages – it is said Kashmir derives its name from Sage Kashyap who meditated here, and the land of Sufis – Sayyed Bulbul Shah, Sheikh Nur-Ud-Din and others, was truly a heaven where, for centuries. Hindus and Muslims co-existed here in love, peace and harmony. It was such a unique place, that distinct shades of Muslim culture could be seen here on the Hindus and the other way round. It was the only place in India with a Muslim majority and a Hindu King, Maharaja Hari Singh, yet its people lived in perfect harmony and there was a strong brotherhood between the two major communities – Hindus and Muslims. But then, ‘the Heaven’ started burning, especially after the partition of India on the basis of religion.

The core of the Kashmir problem lies at the different view-points of India and Pakistan, one rightful and the other fake. Kashmir, as per the Indian standpoint, is an integral part of the Republic of India, whereas Pakistan in its fake viewpoint, has always tried to highlight it as a disputed territory and made every effort to disturb it and burn it. What Pakistan thinks about Kashmir is that since India was divided on the basis of religion in 1947, being a Muslim majority state, Kashmir should have been part of Muslim Pakistan. Though majority of the political leaders, parties and people were against the partition, it was accepted due to political and legal compulsions of the day. There are many flaws in this argument which we must analyze to understand the whole issue.These flaws are highlighted by the following facts:

  • The partition of the Indian Sub-continent, as agreed upon, was done only upon the erstwhile provinces of the British India,but never of the princely states of India at that time.
  • In Kashmir, there was only one major political party at that time, which was National Conference. It was associated to Congress and was not in favor of partition or such communal politics.
  • All the princely states were free in their will and choice to join either India or Pakistan.Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, the 1stHome Minister of independent India, was responsible for instrumenting successful accession of all such statesto India, except the state of Jammu & Kashmir, due to certain political scenario.
  • Taking advantage of the political situation there, Kashmir was invaded by the Pakistani forces in the garb of local tribals.On request of its ruler Maharaja Hari Singh, the Indian forces were rushed there to foilthe evil Pakistani attempt to capture Kashmir. Following this, the ruler Hari Singh agreed and the state of Jammu & Kashmir formally became part of the Indian nation.
  • The formal accession of Kashmir was also endorsed by the National Conference which represented the people of J&K as the only political party there at the time.
  • Though it may be so that Pakistan is a Muslim majority state, but the fact is that India had even larger Muslim population (currently, it’s slightly less than Pakistan’s) while still being a truly secularnation with a multi-religious population.

There’s been a futile effort on part of Pakistan to create an impression that J&K’s accession to India was not natural and that its people wanted to join Pakistan. This is absurd and without any evidence of it in the political situation at that time. Neither any leader nor its people, before or after the partition voiced any such demand; though there was some chorus about independence.

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Thomas Strinder

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