- The Constitution provides for an independent Election Commission to ensure free and fair elections to The Parliament, The State Legislature, and the offices of The President and The Vice-President.
- The Election Commission consists of a Chief Election Commissioner and such other commissioners as the President may decide from time to time. In 1989 the government appointed two election commissioners to cope with the increased work of the Election Commission because of lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years.
- In October, 1993, the then government under P.V. Narasimha Rao, appointed two more commissioners through an ordinance to take all decisions unanimously or by majority.
- This ordinance was challenged in The Supreme Court by Chief Election Commissioner; the Court passed an interim order which upheld the supremacy of the CEC over the other two commissioners.