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The Government of India consists of the following Organizational Structure:

  • President of India

  • Prime Minister’s Office

  • Cabinet Secretariat

The Government runs its business through its various ministries. Though the major ministries like Home,Defense, External Affairs, Finance and Agriculture etc. are standard and part of any governmental structure, however there are many more which together constitute the Cabinet and play vital role in good-governance. On the advise of the Prime Minister, the President of India (under the Allocation of Business Rules 1961) creates or reorganizes by merging/bifurcating the Ministries/Departments as may seem necessary from time to time. The following Ministries (listed in alphabetical order) with their respective Departments are serving under the current cabinet:

Ministry of Agriculture

  • Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE)
  • Department of Agriculture and Co-operation
  • Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying

Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries

Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers

  • Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals
  • Department of Fertilizers

Ministry of Civil Aviation

Ministry of Coal

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion

Ministry of Communications and Information Technology

  • Department of Information Technology
  • Department of Post
  • Department of Telecommunications

Ministry of Company Affairs

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

  • Department of Consumer Affairs
  • Department of Food and Public Distribution

Ministry of Culture

Ministry of Defense

  • Department of Defense
  • Department of Defense Production and Supplies
  • Department of Defense Research and Development

Ministry of Environment and Forests

Ministry of External Affairs

Ministry of Finance

  • Department of Economic Affairs
  • Department of Expenditure
  • Department of Disinvestment
  • Department of Revenue

Ministry of Food Processing Industries

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

  •  Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy(AYUSH)
  • Department of Family Welfare
  • Department of Health

Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises

  • Department of Heavy Industries
  • Department of Public Enterprises

Ministry of Home Affairs

  • Department of Internal Security
  • Department of Official Language
  • Department of States
  • Department of Home
  • Department of J&K Affairs

 Ministry of Human Resource Development

  •  Department of Elementary Education and Literacy
  • Department of Secondary and Higher Education
  • Department of Women and Child Development

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

Ministry of Labor and Employment

Ministry of Law and Justice

  •  Department of Justice
  • Department of Legal Affairs
  • Legislative Department

Ministry of Mines

Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources

Ministry of Non-Resident Indians Affairs

Ministry of Panchayati Raj

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions


  • Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG)
  • Department of Personnel and Training
  • Department of Pensions and Pensioners’ Welfare

Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

Ministry of Planning

Ministry of Power

Ministry of Railways

Ministry of Rural Development

  • Department of Drinking Water Supply (DDWS)
  • Department of Land Resources (DLR)
  • Department of Rural Development

Ministry of Science and Technology

  • Department of Bio-Technology (DBT)
  • Department of Science and Technology (DST)
  • Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR)

Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways

Ministry of Small Scale Industries

Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation

Ministry of Steel

Ministry of Textiles

Ministry of Tourism

Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Ministry of Urban Development

Ministry of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation

Ministry of Water Resources

Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

Independent Departments of Central Government

  • Department of Atomic Energy
  • Department of Ocean Development
  • Department of Space
  • Department of Development of North-Eastern Region
  • Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)
  • Cabinet Secretariat
  • President’s Secretariat
  • Planning Commission